Kaku Sudo was born in Japan on January 26, 1861 to Tauidi Sudo and Yeuri Funita. Before coming to the United States in 1891, she studied medicine in an American mission school in Yokohama. She then studied at the Philadelphia Institute of Electro-Therapy and later graduated in 1899 from Laura Memorial Woman’s College in Cincinnati.
Born on January 5, 1873 in Jacksonville, Illinois; Emma was the only child of Charles W. Clark and Eleanor Shuler The family moved to Jackson, Michigan, then to Chicago, Illinois where Emma was in charge of the Auditing Department of Fair’s Department Store for five years. She was in charge of thirty-two clerical workers. Later she worked for two years in the bookkeeping and auditing offices of Sears Roebuck and Company.
Born on November 18, 1849 in Yorkshire, England to Joseph and Mary Bingham, Sarah immigrated to Illinois with her family in 1861. With the nation unsettled due to the outbreak of war, they found farm life hard and moved to Iowa. Sarah struggled to obtain an education and along with doing missionary work and some nursing, she eventually taught school.